A Book I Must Read
What distinguishes [Leszek] Kolakowski from [the other anti-utopians] was his abiding concern with religion. His argument against Marxism was not only that communism was a utopia whose pursuit led to totalitatianism. He argued that Marx's conception of communism was a byproduct of a tradition of mysticism going back to Plato and Plotinus, revived in Germany by Christian mystics such as Meister Eckart and Jakob Bohme, and given a philosophical gloss by Hegel. Most Western critics of Marx's ideal of communism have attacked it primarily on political grounds, arguing--for example--that the abolition of markets involved too great a centralization of power. Kolakowski's criticism, summarized in the last sentence of Main Currents [of Marxism], was quite different; it was explicitly religious: "The self-deification of mankind, to which Marxism gave philosophical expression, has ended in the same way as all such attempts, whether individual or collective: it has revealed itself as the farcical aspects of human bondage."
-John Gray: "A Rescue of Religion," A Review of Why is There Something Rather than Nothing?: 23 Questions from Great Philosophers by Leszek Kolakowski, (Basic Books, 2007) in The New York Review of Books, October 9, 2008, p. 43-45.